Font Size: Increase | Decrease

Varicose Veins: Basic Facts

Every cell in the human body requires oxygen and other nutrients in order to function well. Oxygen is delivered to every tissue through the vascular system. The vascular system of a human body is a system consisting of capillaries, arteries, and veins. Oxygenated blood is pumped from the heart to the different parts of the body through the arteries. When the oxygenated blood reaches the organ tissues, oxygen is delivered and the blood becomes deoxygenated. Deoxygenated blood then travels through the veins back to the heart, and the cycle goes on. When the vascular system experiences inefficiency or damage, it can cause damage to other systems as well.

Among the common damages that occur in the vascular system are plaque build up inside the blood vessel, weakening of the veins, collection of debris inside the blood vessel (also referred to as an embolus), injury or trauma to the blood vessel, and inflammation. Varicose veins is a condition which often develops in the lower extremities due to weakening of the vein. In order to be more prepared regarding varicose veins, there are some basic information regarding the condition that need to be learned and familiarized.

Varicose veins are veins that become bulging, dysfunctional veins. They often occur in the lower extremities such as the ankles and the legs. This health condition is often caused by high pressure on the veins in the legs; such is the case among pregnant women, overweight people, and those who have jobs that require them to stand for prolonged periods of time.

Symptoms of varicose veins include bulging appearance of veins. The dysfunctional veins also are darker in color, they can be blue or deep purple.  Although in most cases varicose veins are not considered painful, there have been incidences in which the problem has become so severe that ulceration in the skin can occur, causing pain. Swelling and itching of the skin can also occur.

Varicose veins, like any other health condition, can be prevented. The best way to prevent it is by having a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise. Having a healthy lifestyle and a strong body will mean that the veins are strong enough from developing weakened walls. Keeping a healthy weight will also mean that there will be no extra weight to add more pressure on the veins of the lower extremities. For people who have to stand for prolonged hours during work, they are advised to use compression stockings and rest their legs whenever they can by elevating them a little above the level of the heart to ensure blood flow back to the heart.

For people who already have varicose veins, the best way to treat the problem is by first consulting with a vein specialist. Varicose veins can be a symptom of a more severe vein condition, such as deep vein thrombosis. It is important to have one’s varicose veins checked. Most vein removal options today are done in an office setting with minimal local anesthesia. 

close this window (x)