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When to Get Varicose Veins Treated

Many people take vein health for granted and only pay attention to their venous health when they are already swollen, discoloured, or bulging.  They only start thinking of varicose veins treatment when the veins have become aesthetically unpleasant.

The vein system in our bodies is mainly responsible for the blood flow to the heart. Varicose veins can be an indication of other health issues that should be given medical attention especially when they become painful and show other symptoms.

The veins become varicose when there is a dysfunction of the valves and instead of flowing forward towards the heart, the blood is flowing backward and a pooling of this blood occurs. This was explained by Dr. Brian Dees who is a general and vascular surgeon at Essentia Health. The varicose veins can occur almost everywhere in the body but mostly they form in the feet and legs.

A nurse and a vascular technician, Brandi Rostad, say that once a person bears down then the blood is pumped downwards on the legs. This causes the development of varicose veins.

Common varicose veins symptoms are heaviness, throbbing, swelling and tingling sensations. The symptoms can get worse if left untreated. Long hours on your feet or sitting down can worsen the pain and other symptoms, said Rostad.

When to See a Doctor

Varicose veins that are causing pain and discomfort should be referred to a doctor. Dolores Carson suffered from bulging veins that bothered her. She said that when this happens medical attention should be sought.

Ultrasound examination will show whether there is a need for varicose veins removal. The image will show if the veins are damaged and where the problem is located.  Dr. Rostad emphasizes that varicose veins are potentially dangerous. The can cause leg ulcers, tissue edema and blood clots. In some cases, the veins can pop and bleed when some exertion is made like when one is having a bowel movement.

Who Are At Risk

Varicose veins are common with pregnant women and those who have to stand up for long periods. This can also be hereditary. But in some cases, there are people who do not have a history of the disorder and still have varicose veins.

Those who are pregnant will be prone to develop varicose veins due to the additional pressure by the uterus. Usually this happens in the first trimester of the pregnancy, Dr. Rostad stressed.

Women are more susceptible to varicose veins than men. Why is this so? The fact that women pay more attention to how their legs look maybe a reason why varicose veins treatment  happen more with females than males.

As people grow older, the veins lose elasticity thus varicose veins are more likely to appear and develop. People who have an existing condition may worsen the situation when doing rigid exercise or weight-lifting.  When one also loses weight, they become apparent because tissue is lessened in the surrounding area.

Treatment of Varicose Veins

Dr. Rostad says that there is ultimate treatment for varicose veins.  Treatment can be a combination of available methods.  One method is the endovenous laser ablation (EVLA). This causes the shrinking and collapsing of the varicose veins. Another method is sclerotherapy injects a chemical which causes the veins to collapse. Sclerotherapy is often used after EVLA.

Doctors determine treatment from the size of the vein, how twisted it is and if there is backward flow. Laser treatments do not work with too large and twisted veins.  Sclerotherapy is mostly used for small varicose veins and spider veins.

Patients can normally go back to their activities after treatment. Baby-sitting on the veins will only cause more pain. After six months, a follow up is needed to see if some varicose or spider veins have appeared again.

Dr. Rostad says that a comprehensive approach to treatment must be made. Getting rid of those varicose veins is not the end of the problem but the varicose veins treatment should also include the underlying cause.

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