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What is chronic venous stasis?

This question was asked in Monroe, Georgia and has 3 answer(s) as of 04/14/2015.
What is chronic venous stasis? I think I have it, but I am not sure. Is this condition hereditary? What other medical condition is this condition related to?


Doctors Answers (3)

Venous blood return to the heart is a relatively slow process (compared with the outgoing arterial blood flow). Venous blood circulates in a low pressure system that must often work against gravity, and the flow is not constant but is more intermittent depending on muscle activities such as limb movements and your body position over time. The term venous stasis refers to the blood in the veins moving very slowly or at times not significantly moving at all in certain areas causing the veins to dilate and begin to ache as they become engorged with blood. Venous stasis leads to prominent veins, including varicose veins and skin changes mostly seen in the lower legs, ankles and feet. Heredity is a factor, but one you cannot change. Generally, venous circulation does NOT appear to be directly related to your risk of having other cardiac or arterial diseases. I would recommend keeping physically active, avoid prolonged standing in one place on a hard floor if possible, consider wearing light compression hose at work if you are required to do a lot of standing, wear compression hose during a pregnancy, and choose a shoe with good arch support and soft flat heels that support and cushion the feet.

Chronic venous stasis is a consequence of vein disease. It is hereditary. It occurs because the valves in the veins fail and blood flow goes backwards and the blood pools. It is not necessarily related to anything except for genetics. Other causes include trauma and hormones/pregnancy. With the newest technologies, there are multiple treatment options. Conservative treatment includes increasing ambulation, compression therapy, and leg elevation.

Chronic venous stasis occurs when the blood that normally returns to the heart stays at the lower leg level, increasing pressure, causing excess fluid to seep into the leg, where it remains, hence the name "stasis." This causes dilated veins (varicosities) and skin changes like ulcerations.

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