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Like many diseases, genetics plays a large role in whether or not one will develop spider veins as they age. Of course genetic predisposition does not necessarily mean that one will develop symptoms, as genes are expressed at different levels in each individual. Research has shown that other factors such as pregnancy, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, or deep vein thrombosis may affect the rate at which symptoms develop, making pinpointing the exact cause of spider veins difficult.
While there is no 100% effective way to prevent spider veins in all individuals, the use of high compression stockings has shown to have some preventative benefits. As with many circulation problems it is always recommended that patients be physically active, avoid standing in place for long periods, and keep off the weight. However, many patients that seek spider veins removal are considered relatively healthy. Often times, no matter the care an individual might take of their circulation, age and genetic disposition are too great of factors to overcome, necessitating spider veins removal.
While spider veins are not considered an immediate health concern to most medical professionals, if they are left untreated, they may lead to more serious circulation problems such as varicose veins and varicose ulcers. In some patients, even small spider vein clusters may cause significant discomfort, including pain and itching. The level of discomfort does not always correlate with vein size, as many patients feel few symptoms with larger veins, while their smaller less apparent veins cause a great deal of pain. Regardless of whether the issue is purely cosmetic or actually results in pain, knowing the spider veins removal options available to you can be valuable.
There are a number of options for the treatment of spider veins, with most relying on the selective chemical or heat destruction of the vascular tissue. The two most popular spider veins removal options tend to be either sclerotherapy, or laser vein removal. Both of these treatments are very effective and do not require extensive surgery or sedation.
Sclerotherapy is performed by injecting a specially formulated solution or foam directly into the vein of interest. Specialists use microscopic needles to guide the injection, which causes the veins to be blocked off and eventually collapse and be absorbed by the body.
Laser removal is similar to sclerotherapy, but instead relies on specific light frequencies to selectively heat the blood found in the vein and cause the surrounding vascular tissue to collapse.
Both spider veins removal treatments can be performed in less than an hour and patients are encouraged to resume normal activity on the same day that the treatment is performed. Luckily, treated veins don’t tend to come back, however treatment does not stop the formation of new spider veins with time. It is important to remember that these procedures are not preventative in nature, and should be considered alongside measures such as increased physical activity and compression therapy. In order to find the spider veins removal options best suited for you, contact a member of our DoctorQA.com network to see what they recommend.