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What is uterine fibroid embolization?

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Video Overview

What is uterine fibroid embolization? Uterine artery embolization is a minimally invasive procedure that is becoming the procedure of choice for many women that have symptomatic uterine fibroids. In this procedure, a catheter is placed, similar to catheterizations for heart disease, through a small opening in the hip region. Except in this instance, the catheter is introduced into the arteries that supply the uterus and uterine fibroids. Once a catheter position is determined, small particles, like little particles of sand, are injected in order to block off the blood supply to the uterine fibroids. As a result of this, the uterine fibroids will shrink and die. Over a period of time, the woman's symptoms (whatever they are, such as heavy bleeding, pelvic pressure, and pain) will diminish. Over 85 to 90% of women have relief of their symptoms by undergoing this minimally invasive procedure.

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